Obesity is a condition in which a patient’s weight becomes a threat to their health. The Centers for Disease Control define obesity as a body mass index of at least 30. BMI is a measure of body fat based on height and weight for men and women. Patients with a BMI of 40 are over have “severe” or “morbid” obesity.
The first line of treatment for obesity is a lifestyle change. Patients may try to lose weight by eating healthier and/or beginning an exercise regimen. In some cases, doctors treating obesity may also recommend medications to aid with weight loss.
When conservative measures aren’t successful, weight loss surgery may be the best option.
Weight loss surgery helps patients lose weight by restricting the amount of food they can eat and/or limiting the absorption of nutrients. North Texas Surgical Specialists offers both gastric bypass and gastric sleeve surgery to patients. Both of these procedures result in a smaller stomach and a change in gut hormones.
Following weight loss surgery, patients will feel full after eating much less food. In addition, the body won’t be able to absorb as many of the calories the patient consumes. Both of these factors lead to weight loss.
Weight loss surgery is most appropriate for patients who are morbidly obese and have a BMI of at least 40. Patients with a BMI of 35-39 may also be good candidates for weight loss surgery if they have at least one comorbid condition related to obesity, such as hypertension or type 2 diabetes. Patients who don’t meet these requirements should try to lose weight using more conservative treatments.
Weight loss surgery will be most effective for patients who make healthy lifestyle changes, such as eating a nutritious diet and engaging in regular physical activity. Making these lifestyle changes will also improve the overall health of the patient.
Most patients are able to return to work within 2 weeks after weight loss surgery. However, patients may need to take it slow initially.