Weight loss surgery is a surgical procedure designed to help the patient lose weight by restricting the absorption of nutrients and/or reducing the amount of food the stomach can hold. In most cases, Dr. Patel and his associates will perform these procedures with minimally invasive techniques.
Weight loss surgery is most appropriate for patients who aren’t able to lose weight with lifestyle changes alone. This procedure isn’t recommended for people who need to lose only a few pounds. Instead, it's recommended for people who have a body mass index of at least 40 or are more than 100 pounds overweight. North Texas Surgical Specialists also perform weight loss surgery on patients who have a BMI of at least 35 and at least one condition related to obesity, such as hypertension or type 2 diabetes. In special cases, other patients may be good candidates for this procedure. Patients interested in weight loss surgery should schedule a consultation with Dr. Patel or an associate to determine if this is the best option for them.
During gastric sleeve surgery, Dr. Patel or one of his associates removes 80% of the stomach, leaving the patient with a smaller, tubular pouch. This pouch holds much less food, which reduces the number of calories a patient can consume. In addition, it also influences the gut hormones responsible for hunger and blood sugar control.
During gastric bypass, Dr. Patel creates a small stomach pouch by dividing the top of the stomach from the rest of the organ. He also divides the first portion of the small intestine and connects part of it to the new stomach pouch. Finally, he will connect the other part of the divided small intestine to a lower section of the small intestine. This serves as a pathway for digestive enzymes and stomach acid in the bypassed part of the stomach.
Gastric bypass works by reducing the amount of food the patient can eat at one time before feeling full. In addition, this procedure reduces the absorption of calories and nutrients, and it alters some of the hormones in the gut to suppress feelings of hunger.